Buying tips of the evacuated tubes for solar hot water heaters. Exploring advantages and benefits of the tubular solar water heaters.
Evacuated tube system is a solar collector for water heating that uses a vacuum glass tubes to absorb the heat from the sun. These single collectors have two layers of glass, joined together, absorbing film, and vacuum between to prevent a heat loss from the absorber.
These single solar tubes are combined into groups, supported by the frame and manifold or water tank at the top.
Evacuated solar tubes are usually connected to the manifold in a way to allow easy installation and replacement (plug-and-play principle).
The main advantage of the evacuated solar tube water heater is its ability to heat the water even during the cloudy days. Because of the cylindrical shape, the evacuated tube is facing the sun all the time and therefore is more efficient than flat solar panels. As long as the sun shines the evacuated solar tube hot water heater can be in service, all year round.
You can use this system even in the cold climate, as the selective coating and vacuum layer are preventing the heat loss and ensure the high energy absorption.
Since the heat pipes transfer the heat in one direction only and within the collector, over 92% of the heat is absorbed and less than 8% is heat loss.
When the evacuated solar tube is exposed to the sun, it absorbs the heat. The heat tube located within the evacuated glass tube gets warmer and the liquid (alcohol, acetone) in the heat tube quickly turns to hot vapor.
The steam or hot vapor rises to the top of the heat pipe. Cold water or glycol that flows through the manifold and picks up the heat.
The fluid in the heat pipe gets colder and condenses (turns into the liquid) and goes down to the base of the heat pipe. The cycle starts all over again and continues till solar tube system has enough sunlight or diffuse light. Recommended tilt angle should be maintained.