Compare tankless water heaters vs. tank types and find the differences, advantages, disadvantages, and benefits to select the best water heater for your home.
Either you are building a new home or making improvements in your existing home due to a growing family and thinking about buying the right water heater size, this article will help you choose the right type: tankless or tank-type.
There are several factors that will determine which type and model to get, and it depends on your family size, costs, efficiency, water usage, reliability, space it occupies, durability, warranty, and other more or less essential elements.
Water heaters can be a costly investment, and you will be living with one for many years, so choose wisely. Here are some important factors to consider:
Save energy. Most of the tankless water heaters are energy-efficient, while from the tank-type, only some are. The efficiency goes from 0.82 for the non-condensing tankless to 0.96 for the condensing water heaters, where the best models such as Rinnai RUR199 and Takagi T-H3 can provide the highest savings and lowest emission.
Tankless heats water on demand, so there is no need to store water and heat. If you buy a model with a recirculation pump, such as any model from the Rinnai RUR series, hot water is available instantaneously, so no more waiting for a warm shower. And no more energy and water waste.
As hot water is heated on demand, it is supplied in a continuous flow with no interruption (as long as you have water, electricity, and gas). Sometimes, when other applications are running at the same time, you might notice temperature fluctuation. Still, if you buy a tankless such as Rinnai or Takagi mentioned above, your comfort won’t be compromised, and you will be happy.
Save money. Since most tankless water heaters have high energy factors, and as the condensing models use exhaust gases to preheat water and reduce energy loss, it is evident that tankless saves you money. The Rinnai manufacturer states that savings are approximately 40% when compared to gas, or even more when compared to electric tank-type models.
As per Rinnai manufacturer, annual operating costs for one standard 50-gal tank-type heater are around $300 while for tankless around $200. In general, you could expect savings from 30-70%, depending on your usage habits and energy price. Savings are even greater with households with larger families or higher demand.
According to energy.gov, tankless heaters can be 24% to 34% more efficient than the tank-type.
You can use this calculator from energy.gov to see what the energy costs will be for electric and gas water heaters.
Save space. Tankless are small, while tank-type water heaters are large. For example, the size of Noritz NRCP1112 is approximately 28”X18”X9” while tank-type models, with the standard dimensions, come in sizes of 63” in height and 21” in diameter, and around 50 lbs vs. 140 lbs in weight. Due to small and compact sizes, tankless is wall-mounted that offers easy handling and flexible installation.
As you can see, tankless saves a lot of floor space, which can now be utilized for other uses.
New vs. old design. Water-storage tanks are bulky and not attractive that deserve spots somewhere behind the door and in a designated room. Tankless are modern, sleek, look nice, and can be installed even in the kitchen or a bathroom. At the same time, tankless is much more advanced. They have many sensors, a built-in computer, a user-friendly control panel, a remote controller, and advanced electronics for safe, reliable, and precise control. Tank-type heaters are mostly forgotten in our basements and utility rooms until something happens.
Durability and warranty. What would you rather pick; a 15-year warranty or 10-year warranty, over 20 years lifetime or 10 years? Yes, tankless can last pretty long, and what is important is that you can replace any of its components. According to the Noritz manufacturer, nearly 3 of 4 tank-type water heaters fail due to tank bursting or leaking.
Tankless water heaters are selected based on the water flow in gallons per minute (GPM). You need to determine the maximum number of devices you want to run. Other important factors are the required temperature rise, which depends on the temperature of incoming groundwater and the set temperature output.
When selecting a tank-type heater, check out the first-hour rate, recovery rate, both in gallons per hour (GPH).
According to Home Depot, tank-type waters that are powered by natural gas or propane can cost you between $900 and $1300, while the installation cost is between $1000 and $3000.
The price of tankless with the installation and material can cost you between $2000 and close to $6000. Again this is an estimation from homedepot.com.
An average price for a storage water tank is around $1000 or higher for condensing models. According to homeadvisor.com the installation cost is from $800 to $1500, depending on how much your plumber charges.
Gas tankless prices go from $600 for non-condensing to over $2000 for condensing models, while the average installation cost is around $2000.
As we can see from the above article, there are many advantages of tankless water heaters over the tank-type because they outperform tank-type in almost every way. Plus, tankless heats water on demand, so there is no standby heat loss; water is delivered in endless supply and with superior energy efficiency.
For those who would prefer a simple design, lower cost, proven technology, wide and established service network, and would like to have hot water no matter of the required water flow, get a tank-type.