A selection of the best power vent water heaters to buy. Find out what is the power venting, how it compares to atmospheric and direct venting, how does it work, see the review of the top features, buying and installation tips.
Buying a water heater is a great decision to make, considering that the quality models and the professional installation are not cheap, service that can be expensive and that average energy consumption of a North American household is between 14% and 20% - a great expense for heating only potable water.
You can purchase the tank-type or tankless unit, where the following venting types are used; atmospheric, direct vent, power vent, and power direct vent.
The power vent water heaters (PV) are designed with the electric-powered blower mounted on top of the unit. With the assistance of the blower, combustion gases are mechanically moved to the outside, while forcing the fresh air in. Due to the pressure created by the fan, the risk of negative pressure inside the home is significantly reduced, while the air quality is improved.
The blower assembly is factory installed, the vent pipe is sealed allowing long runs, and except the installation of the venting pipes, there is no other work needed. PV water heaters provide greater flexibility, so it is easier to find the location for the hookup.
Power vent water heaters are also called forced-draft or fan-assisted.
Among these four venting types, the simplest one is atmospheric, which is also known as the standard type. This type uses the natural draft (buoyancy effect) and with the help of a chimney or vertical flue products of combustion are effectively transferred outside.
The problem is the negative pressure which can develop and suck the flue gases back into the home, increasing the risk of carbon monoxide exposure. This type of water heaters is usually less efficient and cheaper to buy.
The direct vent water heater (DV) is similar to power vent models (PV), utilizing the sealed combustion chamber, but not an electrically operated fan or a blower. It is usually equipped with the steel venting pipe (solid or flex), which moves the products of combustion outside, to the atmosphere. It uses the outside fresh air with an air intake pipe, in a single or dual-pipe setup. This setup can also be seen on tankless models that have the sealed combustion chamber.
The direct vent water heater usually moves the exhaust gases through the horizontal vent pipe, but without the blower assistance and electricity. As the water heater is usually installed close to the exterior wall, the vent pipe short. Direct vent is also cheaper, but less efficient. As the power vent, DV models do not require a chimney.
Power vent water heaters, when compared to above two types, are more advanced, cost more, but also deliver more benefits, such as the higher energy efficiency - resulting in more savings, venting flexibility - for easier installation and no problems related to the back-drafting.
Note: When choosing the location for your PV water heater, consider the inlet and exhaust vent system piping and combustion air supply requirements. The venting system must comply with the local codes and installed per manufacturer specification. It must be able to run from the water heater to the termination with a minimal length and the number of elbows.
For the safe, professional and worry-free installation, contact the expert.
If you are looking for an energy efficient water heater that uses the power vent and is coming from the well-known US or Canadian manufacturer, here are the recommendations: AO Smith, Bradford White, and Rheem.
There are over 20 different models from AO Smith that use power venting and both natural and propane gas. Most of the models utilize the Low NOx burners while only two have Ultra-Low NOx burners.
Power vent water heaters are mainly coming from ProLine XE series, while only one is from the Vertex series, which is also the most efficient and definitely the ideal model to buy. The available sizes are in the range from 40 to 75 gallons, where the 50-gal unit is one of the most popular.
Vertex GPHE-50 is the Power Vent model that has one of the highest energy efficiency - over 90% from all AO Smith gas water heaters.
The GPHE-50 is the 50-gal unit that is designed to produce a water flow of high 3 GPM for a continuous hot water supply.
The high water flow, First Hour Rating of 124 GPH, and Recovery Rate of 95 GPH are great advantages over other models and are easily achieved using the unit's powerful burner of 76,000 BTU, advanced electronics, and fully submerged spiral heat exchanger.
The GPHE-50 water heater uses the combined vertical and horizontal vents through the outside wall bringing more flexibility during the installation. The vent pipes are made of the PVC, PP, ABS or CPVC material and have the 4" diameter vents that can run up to the maximum of 128 feet. Other details can be found here.
The best selling from the AO Smith Proline XE series is coming from the GPVT group. The GPVT-50 model is the 50-gal models that also comes with great features and specs including the energy factor of 0.72 and Energy Star compliance, First Hour Rating of 97 GPH and Recovery Rate of 56 GPH, making it great for 3-bath homes. According to the manufacturer, GPVT-50 has an estimated energy cost of around $225 while Vertex $186.
Power vented water heaters from Rheem are available in Performance and Professional series.
The vent pipe of the power vent water heaters can terminate horizontally through the exterior wall or vertically through the roof, with the adequate supports along its length.
There are two venting options you should consider for your water heater:
A single vent pipe system can be installed as the concentric system (coaxial), a pipe within a pipe, where one pipe is used as a discharge, and the other as an air intake pipe. When the internal air is used for combustion, a designated room has to be provided with access to the air with sufficient supply.
Water heaters with two separate venting pipes (two-pipe system) use one pipe to supply the air from the outside and the other to discharge products of combustion, also to the outside. These can run either horizontally or vertically.
When the pipes run vertically, it is important to install the elbow fittings (45 or 90 deg. bends) at the end of the pipes which will prevent the rain or snow from entering. For horizontal termination, provide the slope downward, to prevent potential condensate that can affect the blower operation.
If the water heater is installed in an unconfined space within the building, an infiltrated air is usually adequate for proper gas combustion. If it is installed in the confined space, provisions for the air ventilation must be provided.
Note: If the power vent water heater has to be installed as a replacement for the existing power vented unit in pre-existing venting, the proper inspection still has to be performed to ensure that requirements are met.
Buying a venting kit from the manufacturer or a supplier provides a worry-free installation, as they meet standards and safety requirements. Use the manufacturer guide and model specifications to determine the BTU rating, model, venting lengths and other requirements so you can properly size the system.
For example; plastic pipes cannot be used on non-condensing tankless water heaters, only stainless steel, due to the acidic nature of the products of combustion.
PVC, ABS or CPVC pipes are recommended for the tank-type storage tanks, and the most common sizes are 2", 3" and 4" in diameter, Schedule 40. These are also found on condensing tankless models.
Very flexible for installation, power vented gas heaters can be installed as far as 180' from the exterior wall and side-by-side with other furnaces or boilers.
When assembling the air inlet and vent outlet, both pipe diameters must be of the same size. This requirement applies for both 2" and 3" diameter pipes.
A limited number of elbows is recommended in any vent installation, but it depends on the length. Use the manufacturer's guide to determine the right length and the number of bends. Venting should be as direct as possible, with no reduction in the vent diameter.
Some manufacturer manual guides explain that reduction in diameter at any point is allowed as long as the maximum and minimum length requirements are met.
Power vent water heaters, when installed in the building, cannot be connected to the chimney and share venting with other appliances as the significant building depressurization will occur affecting the performance of all gas combustion appliances.
All venting materials and components must be joined with the approved primer-cleaner and solvent cement, but do not cement the vent pipe to the heater. Rubber coupling and gear clamps are supplied with the water heater to connect the vent to the blower. These connections must be properly sealed to prevent leakage of the products of combustion into the living area.
You should be aware of several drawbacks:
Conclusion: Correct installation of the power vent pipe system is mandatory for the safe and efficient operation. With the unobstructed flow of combustion and ventilation air, power vent water heater will work properly for many years. The PV type is recommended for homes with no access to the chimney and where the energy efficient heating is required.