An expert review of the AO Smith heat pump Voltex. Find out more about Voltex, also known as the hybrid water heater, with its features, pros and cons and how this technology can save you money.
Voltex is the hybrid
water heater that utilizes the heating elements and the heat pump
increase the recovery rate and energy efficiency, while cutting the
energy usage by half. Saving energy in water heating means
more money in your pocket.
AO Smith heat pumps from Voltex series can be found in two sizes: larger PHPT-80 with the 80 gallons tank capacity and SHPT-50, equipped with the 50-gallon tank. If your family requires lots of hot water, a high capacity model will provide enough hot water for the peak demand periods.
AO Smith Voltex PHPT-80 is larger and with the 82" in height is taller model than the 50-gal unit, which is 63" in height (even the units diameter is larger; 25" vs. 22").
PHPT-80 is also more advanced unit, as it utilize the LCD touch pad control with the intuitive icons and power anode for superior corrosion protection and longevity of the metal tank.
While the PHPT-80 comes with the large 80-gal tank size, its energy factor is lower than the 50-gal model, it is 2.33, when running in hybrid mode, which is still much higher than the electric models, and is also qualified for Energy Star.
Model SHPT-50 is the heat pump with the 50-gallon tank capacity and it comes with the ultra high energy factor of 2.78. Another noticeable difference between SHPT and PHPT heat pumps is in the user interface.
Both controls are easy to use, have buttons for easy adjustment, but the PHPT-80 model has a larger LCD screen with the status icons that indicate the operating mode, safety lock feature, efficiency and heat source indicators.
The SHPT model utilize the LED diodes that signalize the mode setting and the communicating port for the remote control with the smart phone, for example.
Both 50 and 80-gallon models come with the 10-year warranty for the water heater tank and its parts.
electric heat pump, as
pumps, uses the surrounding warm air to pre-heat the incoming
water and compressor to increase the water temperature, while
dehumidifying and cooling the air at the same time. Voltex
the same cooling/heating
principle as your refrigerator or air conditioning unit and it requires
fresh air. This is why the installation inside the smaller rooms or
closet is not recommended.
AO Smith heat pump is also an electric water heater that uses a standard voltage of 240 V and two heating elements, upper 4,5 kW and lower 2 kW. Yes, Voltex is an electric heater that provides the same amount of hot water as the conventional electric unit and has the same capacity, but with over two times the efficiency.
Heat pumps are also Energy Star compliant due to the hybrid technology and its insulation thickness of 2", which makes it eligible for federal tax credit, rebates and incentive programs. All the above advantages, together with the environment-friendly R134a refrigerant, makes this unit versatile and "green".
AO Smith heat pump operates in one of the four modes so your heating requirements can adjust according to the outside conditions. This allows the use most of the year, either using separate operations or combined.
High efficiency mode draws the
from the surrounding air and transfers it to the water through the heat
exchanger. This mode also
allows your hybrid water heater
to revert automatically to the heating
element if the temperature of surrounding air or water is not
pump operation (below 45 F or above 109 F). When Voltex
is working in
this mode, it can reach energy efficiency of up to 2.78 for 50-gallon
and 2.3 EF for 80-gallon water heater.
Hybrid mode, based on the heating requirements, allows the water heater automatically to switch between compressor and the heat elements for maximum efficiency. This is the default mode that uses the heat pump as the primary source for water heating, while the electric heating elements will turn on if there is a need (high demand). When Voltex operates in hybrid mode its first hour rating is the highest; 68 GPH for 50-gallon model and 84 GPH for 80-gallon water heater.
Electric mode uses heating elements only, where your Voltex works as the electric water heater. Recommendation is to use this mode during the winter, cold days.
Vacation mode is a great feature when you are absent as it helps you reduce the operating cost and prevent the unit from freezing during the winter time. By switching to the vacation mode, water heater will maintain the temperature of water approximately 60 F.
Keep in mind that the AO Smith heat pump can produce hot water with the temperatures from 95 F to 150 F, which can be adjusted using up and down buttons on the front panel.
Heat pump is integrated into the top of the Voltex.
tanks, such as 50 and 80 gallon units enable the heat pump
to operate more frequently than the heating elements. Correct
condensate draining and the minimum
amount of air will guarantee proper work.
As explained before, the heat pumps are equipped with the
electronics that allows easy control and monitoring, while displaying
error messages if there is a problem with the unit, making the
troubleshooting process simpler. Dry fire protection prevents failure
heating elements when the water tank is not full of water.
The powered anode rod that is found on PHPT-80 unit, is known as the non-sacrificial anode rod as it does not deteriorate over time, also protects the tank from corrosion longer with less maintenance involved and eliminates the need for anode replacement so the smelly and discolored water are not problems any more.
AO Smith heat pump is one of the latest advancements in water heating industry and great addition to already wide selection of AO Smith heating appliances. Buy from Amazon.
(Pictures are courtesy of AO Smith)